Faculty Since 1994
BA, Calvary Bible College
MDiv, MA, Grace Theological Seminary
PhD, Annenberg Research Institute, Dropsie College
Dr. Averbeck taught for four years at Dallas Theological Seminary, teaching in both the Old Testament and pastoral ministries departments. He also taught for ten years at Grace Theological Seminary, serving as chair of the Old Testament department for four years and chair of the seminary curriculum planning committee for five. His areas of expertise include Old Testament, especially the Pentateuch, ancient Near Eastern history and languages, Old Testament criticism, Hebrew, and biblical counseling.
“The Focus of Baptism in the New Testament,” Grace Theological Journal 2:2 (1981) 265-301.
The Sumerian Historiographic Tradition and Its Implications for Genesis 1-11,” in Faith, Tradition, and History: Old Testament Historiography in its Near Eastern Context, ed. A. R. Millard, J. K. Hoffmeier, and D. W. Baker (Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns, 1994) 79-102
“Law,” in Cracking Old Testament Codes, ed. D. Brent Sandy and Ronald L. Giese, Jr. (Essays in Honor of Richard D. Patterson; Nashville: Broadman & Holman, 1995) 113-138.
“Leviticus, Theology of (480-483); Offerings and Sacrifices (574-581); Oil (581-582); Priest and Priesthood (632-638); and Sanctuary (713-714),” in The Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, ed. Walter A. Elwell (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1996).
In New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology and Exegesis, 5 vols., ed. Willem A. VanGemeren (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997), abbrev. NIDOTTE, my own articles total ca.275 printed pages:
1. General articles: “Clean and Unclean; Leviticus, Theology of; Offerings and Sacrifices” (4.477-486, 4.907-923, 4.996-1022, respectively).
2. Lexical articles: memorial portion (’zkārāh), 1.335-339; offering by fire, gift, present (’iššāh), 1.540-549; guilt offering (’āšām), 1.557-566; to purge, cleanse (brr), 1.772-774; perfume, balsam (bōsem), 1.774-775; to slaughter (btq), 1.784; to be defiled, defilement (g’l), 1.794-795; most holy place (debîr), 1.910; to menstruate, faint, weak (dwh), 1.925-928; blemish, stain (dōpî), 1.980; myrrh-oil (derôr), 1.985-986; to slaughter for sacrifice (zbh), 1.1066-1073; to be pure, clean (zkh), 1.1098-1100; sin, sin offering (haṭṭ’āt), 2.93-103; to be godless, defiled (hnp), 2.206-209; to slaughter (tbh), 2.334-336; to be clean (ṭhr), 2.338-353; to be unclean (ṭm’), 2.365-376; to make atonement (kpr), 2.689-710; frankincense (lebōnāh), 2.756-757; Tent of Meeting (’ōhel mô‘ ēd), 2.873-877; altar (mizbēah), 2.888-908; gift, present, grain offering (minhāh), 2.978-990; tithe, tenth (ma‘ ašer), 2.1035-1055; sanctuary (miqdāš), 2.1078-1087; to polish (mrq), 2.1107-1108; tabernacle (miškān), 2.1130-1134; to move back and forth, wave offering (nûp; tenûpāh), 3.63-67; burnt offering (‘ ōl āh ), 3.405-415; curtain in front of the Most Holy Place (pārōket), 3.687-689; to press out oil, (fresh) olive oil (ṣhr), 3.771-772; to let go up in smoke, incense (qṭr), 3.913-916; cassia (qeṣî‘ āh), 3.961-962; to approach, offer, offering, gift (qōrbān), 3.979-982; to pay for, make good (rṣh II), 3.1186-1188; to blend, mix ointments, perfume, ointment (rqh), 3.1195-1197;to slaughter (šhṭ), 4.77-80; peace offering (šelem), 4.135-142; tribute, contribution (terûmāh), 4.335-338.
“Ritual Formula, Textual Frame, and Thematic Echo in the
Cylinders of Gudea,” in Crossing Boundaries and Linking
Horizons: Studies in Honor of Michael C. Astour on His 80th
Birthday, ed. Gordon D. Young, Mark W. Chavalas, and Richard
E. Averbeck (Bethesda, Maryland: CDL Press, 1997), 39-95.
“Leviticus” in New English Translation Study Bible (Spokane,
Washington: Biblical Studies Press, 1999).
“The Cylinders of Gudea,” in The Context of Scripture, vol. II,
ed. William W. Hallo and K. Lawson Younger, Jr. (Leiden: Brill,
“Sumer, the Bible, and Comparative Method: Historiography and
Temple Building,” in Mesopotamia and the Bible: Comparative
Explorations, ed. Mark W. Chavalas and K. Lawson Younger, Jr.
(Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press and Grand Rapids: Baker
Academic, 2002), 88-125.
“Worshiping God in Spirit,” and “Worshiping God in Truth,” in
Authentic Worship: Scripture’s Voice, Applying Its Truth, ed.
Herbert W. Bateman (Grand Rapids: Kregel, 2002), 79-133.
“Sacrifices and Offerings” and “Tabernacle,” in Dictionary of the
Old Testament: Pentateuch, ed. T. Desmond Alexander and
David W. Baker (InterVarsity Press, 2003), 706-733 and 807-
“Daily Life and Culture in ‘Enki and the World Order’ and Other
Sumerian Literary Compositions,” in Life and Culture in the
Ancient Near East, ed. Richard E. Averbeck, Mark W. Chavalas,
and David B. Weisberg (Bethesda, Maryland: CDL Press, 2003),